- Similar woods: Iroko, Framiré
- Origin: South America
- Range: The natural growing area of the Cerejeira species is from Brazil – where it occurs preferably in the region of the Amazon throughout Bolivia, Peru and the northern parts of Argentina.
- Uses: The wood is multipurpose and enlarges the variety of merchandise offered by many companies of the wood industry as it is used for surface veneers for furniture pieces and panels
- Uses: for interior decorating and products of the industry of wooden materials such as veneer panels. It is also used as solid wood, for parquet as well as for stairs and frames.
- Properties: Due to its durability (resistance factor 3), the wood of the Cerejeira trees is suitable for numerous ranges of application.
- Properties: One of the negative properties of this wood is the occurrence of “reaction wood”. The trees are often identifiable by means of their eccentric growth
- Properties: The heart wood is only moderately resistant to fungus infestation. In addition, contact with metal should be prevented as discoloration can occur when the wood is moist.
- Machining: Wood is easily workable without any problems, both manually as well as mechanically. Peeling and slicing of veneer logs are generally problem-free.
- Seasoning: If slow processing is adhered to, the Cerejeira wood can be worked up without any problem. The wood shows only satisfactory to good sturdiness.
- Finishing: Problem-free when done with proper tools. The wood takes lacquers well after application of a primer.
- Jointing: Usually problem-free.
American Red Oak
- Similar woods: Scarlet Oak, Southern Red Oak, Pin Oak, Cherrybark Oak
- Origin: North America
- Range: Eastern and northern areas of the USA, Southern Canada and native in Central and Southern Europe for more than 200 years. Most frequent species of Oak in North America.
- Uses: Veneer. Only very good logs are used for slicing, others are peeled. Red Oak is also used for facing in the furniture and door industries and as construction wood.
- Uses: Unlike in White Oak, Red Oak wood is not suitable for staves due to its open pores.
- Properties: The color is light reddish to dark red. Compared with White Oak it is considerably larger in diameter and cleaner.
- Knife stain can very easily occur when slicing since the wood contains more tannic acid than found in White Oak and the water flow is facilitated by the open pores.
- Machining: Red Oak can be quickly and cleanly worked with all the usual tools. No machining problems are given with this species of wood.
- Seasoning: The wood must be dried slowly and carefully because of the great tendency to check and warp.
- Finishing: Surface treatments present no problems. Red Oak is very well suited for rustic stains (i.e. dark ones).
- Jointing: Red Oak can be glued without problems. Screw and nail joints hold firmly but the holes should be pre-drilled to prevent splitting.
- Trade Names: Walnut, Black Walnut, American Walnut
- Similar woods: French Walnut, Boire, Laurel
- Origin: North America between latitude 32° and 42° north.
- Range: Best known felling areas for high quality veneer wood are the Eastern States in the USA with Delaware in the east, New York in the north,
- Range: Iowa in the west and Kentucky in the south with the main centre in Ohio and Indiana. As a general rule American Walnut mostly grows in mixed forests.
- Uses: Sliced veneer and lumber for architectural woodwork and high class furniture making. Due to its high strength and elasticity suitable also for production of chairs and seats.
- Uses: Used especially for gunstocks and aircraft propellers. Traditional wood for upright and grand piano making.
- Properties: Dark brown, frequently with figuring. American Walnut is unique for “bird pecks”, fingernail size knots, which occur in the veneer as stain streaks with a small hole in the middle,
- Machining: There is no difficulty to working this wood with all hand or machine tools. Walnut is excellent for molding.
- Seasoning: Drying should be carried out very slowly to avoid possible cell damage. The wood is prone to checking and warping. Good results can be achieved only by drying very carefully.
- Finishing: The very smooth wood takes all stains well, especially nitro and water stains. Thorough polishing of the wood is necessary when using fillers.
- Jointing: Screw, nail and glue joints are easily made and of normal tensile strength. Alkaline glues, however, can cause reaction stains.
- Common Name: Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, American Whitewood, Magnolia
- Origin: U.S.A
- Properties: These are the tallest growing hardwood trees in North America and there are three distinct types of veneer produced from them, all of which have their uses.
- Properties: Larger, older trees yield veneer with a creamy white sapwood and a heart that is light olive-green when fresh, darkening to a yellowish brown.
- Properties: This heartwood is sometimes streaked in places with olive brown or violet markings. Secondly there is the all white material, generally not as wide, but with a pleasing satiny lustre.
- Properties: The annual rings on some logs show as pale brown lines which stand out against the lighter background. Tulip is often used for the interior of cabinets and is a good choice for painting.
- Properties: produced is “Magnolia Burr” and cluster veneer which is occasionally obtained from some older trees that may develop a burr growth with a large area of green heartwood.
- Trade Names: American Red Gum, Sweet Gum, Gum
- Origin: Southeastern USA
- Properties: Satin Walnut is the appellation for the trees heartwood, one of the most important hardwoods in the Southeastern United States, heavy, fine grained with silky glance,
- Properties: well polishable, widely used, dyable with good working features, similar to Walnut.
- Uses: high class interior design, furnitures, panels, cabinetry, boxes, railway sleepers
- Wood color: creamy white sapwood, heartwoods pinkish to reddish to dark brown nuances which may vary within the log and create a wonderful marblelike effect, often also with nice dark streaks