European Veneer

European Veneer

WoodLand Europian Veneer: Interior design & Flooring

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Olive Ash

  • Similar woods: Olive
  • Origin: Europe
  • Range: Area of distribution (see: European Ash). As far as Olive Ash is concerned this is not a botanical species in its own right. The name refers only to the coloring of the wood.
  • Range: If the tree develops a heart, it is not shaped the normal way but shows as dark brown stripes alternating with the yellowish-white stripes of the other zones
  • Range: This makes the wood decorative in character, particularly when the stripes are very regular.
  • Uses: Decorative veneer for interiors.
  • Properties: Extremely decorative as a result of the change between dark and white annual ring zones. Not to be mistaken for the Olive Ash having no white annual ring zones.
  • Machining: Ash can be easily and well worked with all tools. Coarse grown logs tend to split down on planed edges. Surfaces turn out very smooth.
  • Seasoning: Drying should be carried out at moderate temperatures and not too quickly. There is only a slight tendency to warp. Surface checking is a very seldom occurrence.
  • Seasoning: Drying should be carried out at moderate temperatures and not too quickly. There is only a slight tendency to warp. Surface checking is a very seldom occurrence.
  • Finishing: Ash is suitable for all kinds of surface finishes, above all for colored stains which cause no problems in their use.
  • Jointing: Glue is well taken by Ash and provides very durable joints. Pre-drilled screw joints are recommended.


  • Similar woods: Wild Servicetree, Steamed Hard Maple, Norway Maple
  • Origin: Europe
  • Range” Distributed all over Europe. One of the most frequent and important European species.
  • Uses: For veneer. Compared with other European species Beech is large in dimension (often 60 cm and more in diameter).
  • Uses: It is also used for furniture, parquet flooring and chipboard and is excellently suited for bending (seating furniture).
  • Beech is well-suited for work benches as well as being good construction lumber. One of the most used woods in Europe. In the veneer form it is produced as steamed, slightly steamed or white Beech.
  • Uses: In the middle of the nineties Beech became a remarkably fashionable wood in the veneer and solid wood sectors.
  • Properties: Reddish-white to reddish-brown, often with a brown heartwood when older.
  • Properties: In some regions the Beech tends to have great tension (X, Y, T-tension) and buckles as a result of irregular annual ring formation (so-called hard years).
  • Machining: Working of Beech presents no difficulties either by machine or hand. It can be easily planed, turned and molded.
  • Seasoning: The strong tendency to check and warp can only be counter-acted by slow and careful drying. Steamed wood dries slightly faster.
  • Finishing: Any type of surface finish can be applied to Beech. It takes stains and lacquers very well.
  • Jointing: Beech takes glue very well and provides durable joints. Screw and nail joints are strong but pre-drilling is recommended.

White Ash

  • Trade Names: European Ash, White Ash
  • Similar woods: Sen, Japanese Ash, Sassafras
  • Origin: Europe
  • Range: Throughout Europe and parts of Southwest Asia at altitudes up to approx. 1,300 m above sea level.
  • Range: The best growing areas for the veneer industry are found especially in France and to some extent in Germany.
  • Range: . Much sought after are logs without or with a small brown heart because only the “natural” white ash or lightly stained colors are considered to be high quality furniture wood.
  • Range: Brown heart veneers are stained dark and are used as interior veneers.
  • Uses: Good veneer wood for furniture and interior decorating. Logs having an olive-colored heart (“Olive Ash”) as well as Ash burls are in specially high demand as Olive Ash
  • Uses: Also used as wood for sports equipment (parallel bars, etc., due to its high bending strength), gun stocks, tool handles and grips.
  • Properties: It is hard to differentiate between sapwood and heartwood. In aging, however, there is pronounced darkening of the heartwood with varying diameters down the lengths of the logs.
  • Properties: Dark patches can occur as well as frequent figuring.
  • Machining: Ash can be easily machined with all tools. The planed edges of fast grown coarse wood tend to break away. The surfaces are very smooth.
  • Seasoning: The wood is to be dried at a moderate temperature and not too quickly. There is only a slight tendency to warp. Surface checking is extremely rare.
  • Finishing: Ash is suitable for all types of surface finishes and colored stains are used in particular.
  • Jointing: Glue is readily accepted by Ash and provides very durable joints. Pre-drilled screw joints hold well.


  • Trade Names: Cherry Tree, Kohl Cherry, European Cherry
  • Similar woods: Black Cherry, Grisard, Dutch Elm
  • Origin: Europe and Lower Asia.
  • Range: The Cherry used and sought for the wood working industry is not cultivated in the garden but is the wild growing tree occurring in forest stands. It grows generally alone in mixed stands.
  • Range: Since its cultivation was neglected by the German forestry industry during many decades of monoculture it occurs in Germany considerably less than in France.
  • Range: This species, however, is very common and wide-spread in the Eastern European countries and since the collapse of their communistic systems, most logs on the market have been bought there.
  • Uses: Excellent and very exclusive veneer wood for the furniture industry and interior fixtures. Popular parquetry wood also held in high esteem in the piano industry.
  • Properties: Warm, reddish orange color and unlike the American Cherry the veneer becomes more and more attractive and warmer in time. Often with slight green streaks.
  • Properties: One of the most beautiful known furniture wood species. In the meantime a trade mark as “Kohl Cherry”.
  • Machining: Cherry can be worked very well and is easily planed, molded and turned, achieving very smooth surfaces.
  • Seasoning: Cherry can be easily dried, but drying should not be too fast to avoid losses through warping. Heavily twisted logs should be dried separately.
  • Finishing: Because of its texture and pores Cherry is excellently suited for polishing. The surface should be given a slight gloss at least.
  • Jointing: Glue joints hold well. Screw joints should be pre-drilled to avoid splitting.


  • Similar woods: White Oak
  • Origin: Europe, Asia.
  • Range: Western and Southern Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa.
  • Range: The growing region of this tree, which loves warmth, is about the same as the wine growing area.
  • The Horse Chestnut iRange: Another botanical species which only plays a subordinate role in the wood industry
  • Uses: Face veneer, furniture, paneling, stairs, parquet, special wood for shipbuilding and pilings, lumber.
  • Properties: The heartwood is yellow to dark brown in color and is resistant to fungi but not insects. The wood is not resistant to the weather but very durable when placed under water.
  • Properties: Due to its slightly murky coloring it is of no great significance in the veneer trade in Europe. Frequently used in Southern Europe (Italy, Spain) for mass-produced furniture.
  • Machining: The machining of dry wood presents no special problem. It can be easily planed, profiled and turned.
  • Seasoning: Kiln drying should be carried out slowly and carefully. There is a tendency to check and warp when dried with circulating air. Satisfactory drying is only achieved with the greatest of car
  • Finishing: Chestnut is easy to stain and can be treated without any difficulty with all kinds of surface finishes.
  • Jointing: Chestnut can be glued without difficulty. Screw and nail joints hold firmly. Discoloration can occur when coming into contact with metal due to its high tannin content.


  • Trade Names: European Maple
  • Similar woods: Sycamore Plane, Field Maple, Wild Service Tree, Beech
  • Origin: Europe
  • Range: Has almost the same distribution area as the Sycamore. However, to the north as far as Norway but not so far to the south.
  • Range: Has almost the same distribution area as the Sycamore. However, to the north as far as Norway but not so far to the south.
  • Uses: Earlier preferred for peeled veneer but today also produced as sliced veneer. It is then steamed to produce a warm, reddish color similar to the Swiss Peartree.Used in furniture and for interior
  • Uses: especially in wagon and automobile body work. Popular as a carving wood. Preferably used as substitute for Swiss Pear in both the lumber and veneer industries.
  • Properties: Rather similar in texture and color to a Sycamore, only slightly darker. Often with curly or wavy grain. Frequently with nubs and blisters, in extreme cases with clusters like Sycamore.
  • Machining: Machined in the same way as forest sycamore. Its specific properties are generally less desirable than those of the Sycamore species.
  • Seasoning: Drying calls for increased care since the wood has a very strong tendency to check and warp. Color changes can occur when improperly dried.
  • Finishing: Maple is excellently suited for polishing and staining. UV-resistant varnish is to be recommended to prevent premature yellowing.
  • Jointing: Wood joints are easy to produce with glue, screws and nails, all of which are very durable. Pre-drilling is recommended for screw joints.


  • Common Name: European Sycamore, White Sycamore
  • Origin: Europe
  • Properties: Sycamore, which is a member of the Maple family, is seen all over central, southern and western Europe, often self-seeding to such an extent that young saplings have to be thinned out
  • We are familiar with the winged seeds known by children everywhere as “helicopters”. In order to produce white Sycamore veneer, the logs are felled in the winter months while the sap is not rising
  • They are then sliced, uncooked, as soon as possible after felling in order to avoid discolouration. Usually they will be flat cut so as to produce as much crown material as possible,
  • Selected logs may be quartered or rift-cut when larger runs of straight-grained veneer are required.
  • Many logs are pippy to varying degrees but these pips are usually the same light colour and should be accepted.
  • Those that are completely free of pips are infrequent and command much higher prices, particularly if this is combined with an elegant crown structure.
  • The UK is known as a good source of figured logs and the best of these will produce veneer with a beautiful fiddle back figure, always in demand for special interiors and furniture.
  • This too is available in both crown and straight-grain veneer but the figure is usually accentuated in the latter.
  • Older trees often display a darker area of heartwood which will usually be removed at the mill when the bundles are trimmed.
  • Where, however, on close inspection this area is judged to offer characteristics that look particularly decorative.
  • Usually meaning a combination of colour(s) and structure logs of this type will be sliced and trimmed so that this old discoloured heartwood is left in.
  • Good examples of this type, known as “Rainbow” Sycamore, are very eye-catching and offer a different, interesting and colourful alternative to the usual white veneer.
  • Occasional logs of cluster or curl veneer may from time to time be cut, but these are not common and should be regarded as specials.


  • Common Name: Yewtree
  • Origin: Europe, Asia, North Africa
  • Properties: This slow growing and long lived tree has been cultivated in England and Ireland for many centuries and has historic interest as it was traditionally used in the making of bowstaves.
  • Properties: Fine and generally uniform in texture, the creamy coloured sapwood is distinct from the darker yellow-brown to orange-brown heartwood.
  • Properties: Particularly valued are logs with a good scattering of small black pips. Large, sound veneers of Yew are seldom seen and therefore it is mostly used for furniture.
  • Properties: When logs of good quality and dimension are found, high prices will be paid.
  • Properties: Occasional trees will produce a burr which, at its finest, will yield magnificent, highly decorative veneer that may vary from a heavy pip to a full all-over burr.

French Walnut

  • Trade Names: English walnut, French Walnut, European Walnut, Italian Walnut, Circassian Walnut, Persian Walnut
  • Origin: Europe
  • Color: Light- Dark Brown- Gold
  • Uses: Fine Furniture, Cabinetry, Architecural Millwork, Wood Turning, Gunstocks, Wood Carving, Doors, Veneer and many other uses!
  • Properties: French walnut is the name that most European walnut is marketed under. Other European walnut is sold as Italian walnut, Persian walnut, German walnut etc.
  • The specie is juglans regia or royal walnut and is one of the most admired hardwoods of all time. Many of the finest antiques were made from French walnut
  • The heartwood color ranges from medium brown to tan to orange and can contain black spider web streaks or vein noir. French walnut can also be highly figured and have beautiful curl and crotch figure.
  • Most French Walnut is steamed to match its counterpart in veneer: 1.Fine veneer 2.Gunstocks 3.Architectural millwork 4.Fine furniture

French Oak

  • Trade Names: European Oak, French Oak, German Oak, Spessart Oak, Fultz Oak
  • Origin: Europe
  • Color: Brown
  • Uses: Fine Furniture, Cabinetry, Architecural Millwork, Wood Turning, Boat Building, Wood Carving, Flooring, Veneers and many other uses!
  • Properties: The finest “French oak” actually comes from the Spessart forest in Germany,
  • A forest that has been carefully manages for three hundred years and should be used as the model for world wide sustainable hardwood management.
  • This is a forest in which trees will only be harvested when they are fully mature, a process in white oak that takes two to three hundred years.
  • The harvesting is done very carefully to be unobtrusive to recreational users of this resource.
  • At the annual Spessart log auction the bidders represent the top veneer, wine barrel makers and lumber companies in Europe, competing for this limited outstanding product.
  • The finest textured white oak .
  • Golden brown color very close to old growth North American white oak .
  • Used for fine veneers and the best wine barrels .

Tamo (Japanese Ash)

  • Trade Names: Damo, Tamo Yachidamo (all Japanese names), Tamo, Japanese Ash
  • Similar woods: Curly Maple
  • Origin: East Asia
  • Range: Southeast Asia, especially in Japan, Korea, Manchuria and Sachalin. However, the occurrences of this wood being of importance for the Europan market are those of Japan, especially on Honshu .
  • Uses: High quality interior construction lumber, highly decorative with burls or fiddleback mottle; construction lumber (only in Japan).
  • Properties: The color is slightly darker than that of the European Ash but when machined Japanese Ash is more comparable with European Oak.
  • Colorful Tamo and Tamo Burls are excellently suited for the production of very decorative veneers.
  • Machining: Japanese Ash can be worked with all tools without difficulty. Edges and profiles can split should the tools not be perfectly sharp.
  • Seasoning: Due to the already low moisture content of the log Japanese Ash can be dried well and quickly. As a general rule it is not prone to checking or warping.
  • Finishing: All the usual surface finishes, such as stains and varnishes, can be used without difficulty
  • Jointing: Japanese Ash glues well.

Smoked Oak

  • Latin name: European Oak = Quercus robur L., Quercus petreae Liebl.; Fam. Fagaceae
  • Other names: Fumed Oak, Räuchereiche
  • Characteristics: very hard wood with same features as rustic European Oak
  • Wood color: heartwood: smoking process produces very attractive, brilliant and durable colors from golden brown to dark blackbrown depending on the woods tannic acid, no color changes in the sapwood
  • Source: Central Europe
  • Application: superior furniture and interior design, doors, floorings, carpentry

Platane maillee

  • Botanical Name: Platanus Acerifolia. European Plane
  • Origin: Europe.
  • Description: Wood light brown to light beige. Especially fiber mesh. Beautiful iridescent effect.
  • Color/Appearance: Similar to maple, the wood of European Plane trees is predominantly comprised of the sapwood, with some darker heartwood streaks also found in most boards.
  • Grain/Texture: European Plane has a closed pore structure and a fine and even texture that is very similar to maple. The grain is usually straight.
  • Odor: No characteristic odor
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